Yoshinori Ohsumi – 2016 Nobel Prize Winner in Physiology or Medicine
Yoshinori Ohsumi is a renowned cell biologist of Japanese origin and is known for his specialization in the field of autophagy. He works as a professor at the Frontier Research Center of
|Date of Birth||February 9, 1945 (age 71), Fukuoka, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan|
|Siblings||Youngest of four brothers|
|Education||University of Tokyo|
of Tokyo Institute of Technology. In 2012, he was awarded with the Kyoto Award of Basic Science. For his discoveries of mechanism in the autophagy arena, he won the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 2016.
Yoshinori Ohsumi was born in Fukuoka in Japan on 9th February 1945. He went to the University of Tokyo for his higher studies. He secured his degree of B.Sci in the year 1967. Later in 197, he also got his degree of D.Sci from the same university. He went on to join the Rockefeller University as a postdoctoral fellow from 1974-77.
Early Life and Career
In the year 1977, he gave up his post at the Rockefeller University in New York and returned to Japan. Here he joined the University of Tokyo, his alma mater as a research associate. His amazing contribution led him to be appointed as a lecturer in the university in 1986. Later in 1988, he was offered the post of Associate Professor in the University.
In the year 1996, he moved to Ozaka City when he was offered the post of Professor at the National Institute of Basic Biology. Later he also worked as a professor in Graduate University for Advanced Studies from the year 2004 to 2009.
Finally in 2009, he went on to take a more responsible post which offered him multiple roles. These were as Emeritus Professor at Graduate University for Advanced Studies and National Institute of Basic Biology along with a professorship in the Tokyo Institute of Technology, Integrated Research Institute and Advanced Research Center.
It was during this period that he embarked on a full-fledged journey into research in the field of autophagy. His work has actually helped doctors the world over to understand the secrets of cells and what goes on in them. His discovery of mechanism for autophagy is what finally won him the prestigious Nobel Prize,
Though he retired in 2014, his passion for science propelled him to stay in touch with the field. Thus he continued to be the professor at Tokyo Institute of Technology’s Integrated Research Institute. He also heads the Cell Biology Research Unit that is a part of the Tokyo Institute of Technology.
Popular Articles and Journals
Yoshinori Ohsumi has published a number of journals, given the extensive research that he has conducted over the years. Some of his important works are The Thermotolerant Yeast Kluyveromyces Marxianus is a Useful Organism for Structural and Biochemical Studies of Autophagy, Isolation and Characterization of Autophagy – Defective Mutants of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae and Molecular Dissection of Autophagy: Two Ubiquitin-like Systems.
Awards & Achievements
Nobel Prize in Medicine Awarded to Japan’s Yoshinori Ohsumi
Ohsumi’s contribution in his field is outstanding, which is why he has won various awards over the years. Some of these are
- Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine – 2016
- Rosenstiel Award – 2015
- International Prize for Biology – 2015
- Gairdner Foundation International Award – 2015
- Kyoto Prize in Basic Sciences – 2012
- Fujihara Award – 2005