Abdul Kalam – Former President and the great Scientist of India
AvulPakirJainulabdeen (APJ) Abdul Kalam aka “Missile man of India”, is the pioneer of the Indian Space Research and development program. He is the epitome of simplicity and a genuine human being
|Name||A. P. J. Abdul Kalam|
|Date of Birth||October 15, 1931|
|Parents||Ashiamma Jainulabiddin,Jainulabiddin Marakayar|
|Siblings||Kasim Mohammed,Asim Zohra,Mohammed Muthu Meera Lebbai Maraikayar,Mustafa Kamal|
|Education||Madras Institute of Technology in Chennai, India|
|Net worth||$275 Million|
Who always Cared for the Society
Born on October 15th 1931 in a pilgrimage town, Rameswaram in Tamilnadu, to a Tamil Muslim family, went through a lot of hardship through his childhood days. His father Jainulabudeen who was a boat owner and imam of a local mosque, took Hindu pilgrims back and forth between Rameswaram to Dhanushkodi. Although Kalam’s grandparents were rich before 1914 doing trade, after the opening of Pamban Bridge, eventually his family had become poor and Kalam was compelled to support the family by selling newspapers.
Although not a great student at school he was bright and hardworking. After graduating from University of Madras in 1954, he moved to Chennai to study Aerospace engineering form Madras Institute of Technology.
As a Great Scientist of India
He never looked back after joining the Aeronautical Development Establishment of DRDO as a scientist. Abdul Kalam was part of INCOSPAR committee working under Vikram Sarabhai. In 1969 he joined ISRO where he was responsible forIndia’s first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III), which deployed the ROHINI satellite in July 1980. He envisioned the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle ( PSLV), Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) and was part of projects like Project Devil and Project Valiant. He also served as a Chief Scientific Advisor for Prime minister and the secretary of DRDO from July 1992 to December 1999.
Former President and India’s Missile man :
Abdul Kalam served as the 11th President of India and served from July 2002 to July 2007. He was also the third President of India to be conferred Bharat Ratna the highest civilian award in India before becoming the president. He had to face of lot of criticism for his inaction on mercy petitions and his decision to impose President’s rule in Bihar in 2005. He also got a second chance in 2012 to contest the Presidential election but withdrew from the race and choose not to contest.
A born Teacher : Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
Post presidency, Abdul Kalam became a visiting professor at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, IIM Indore. He was also associated with Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram, Anna University, IIIT Hyderabad, and Banaras Hindu University.
His demise came as a shock to each and every Indian on 27th July 2015 and he died doing what he really liked, by delivering a lecture on “Creating A liable Plant Earth” at IIM Shillong.
His journey from a small town in Tamilnadu to residing the chair of President of India, is a true inspiration and a must read story for everyone.
Kalam was great at writing and penned down books like India 2020, Wings of Fire, Ignited Minds, The Luminous Sparks, Mission India, Inspiring Thoughts, Indomitable Spirit, Target 3 Billion, and Transcendence: My Spiritual Experiences with PramukhSwamiji, which are predominant.
In his book India 2020, he strongly envisioned India as a “Knowledge Superpower”, and developed an action plan of five-pronged development vision.
(1) Agriculture and food processing
(2) Education and healthcare
(3) Information and communication technology
(4) Infrastructure, reliable and quality electric power, surface transport and infrastructure for all parts of the country
(5) Self-reliance in critical technologies.
Achievements and Awards of the great Kalam:
APJ Abdul Kalam has proved that perseverance, hard work, compassion, integrity, and love towards fellow human beings are the most important dynamics one should have to be successful in life. As many Indian has shown the same amount of love and affection towards him and he will remain in the heart of every Indian.