Stephen Hawking was born on January 8, 1942, in Oxford, England. At an early age, Hawking had a great interest in science and the sky. At the young age of 21, while pursuing his undergraduate studies in cosmology
|Date of Birth||January 8, 1942|
|Parents||Frank Hawking,Isobel Hawking|
|Siblings||Mary Hawking Isobel Hawking,Philippa Hawking,Edward Hawking|
|Education||Trinity Hall, Cambridge, England|
|Spouse||Elaine Mason,Jane Hawking|
|Childern||Lucy Hawking, Timothy Hawking, Robert Hawking|
|Net worth||$20 Million|
at the University of Cambridge, he was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Despite his severe illness, he has done groundbreaking work in physics and cosmology, and his several books have helped common man connect with science better.
Stephen William Hawking was born to Frank and Isobel Hawking, being the eldest of their four children, on January 8, 1942. His was a family of thinkers. His mother had won her way into Oxford University in the 1930s. His father, also an Oxford graduate, was a respected medical researcher in tropical diseases.
Stephen’s father always wanted him to pursue medicine, but at an early age, Stephen showed aninterest in astronomy. That was evident to his mother, who, along with her children, often stretched out in the backyard on summer evenings to stare up at the stars.
” Stephen Hawking – Theoretical Physicist & Cosmologist “
Early in his academic career, Hawking, while recognized as bright, was not an exceptional student. During his first year at St. Albans School, he was third from the bottom of his class. But Hawking focused on pursuits outside of school; he loved board games, and he and a few close friends created new games of their own.
Hawking himself agrees thathe didn’t put much time into studies. He would later calculate that he averaged about an hour a day focusing on school. And yet he didn’t have to do more than that. In 1962, he graduated with honors in natural science and went on to attend Trinity Hall at Cambridge University for a PhD in cosmology.
Hawking first began to notice problems with his health while he was at Oxford, on occasions he would trip and fall, or slur his speech—he didn’t take the problem seriously until 1963, during his first year at Cambridge. His father took notice of the condition and took himto see a doctor.
The doctors confirmed that Stephen was in the early stages of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, or Lou Gehrig’s disease). In a very simple sense, the nerves that controlled his muscles were shutting down. Doctors gave him two and a half years to live.
But the most significant change in his life was the fact that he was in love. At a New Year’s party in 1963, shortly before he had been diagnosed with ALS, Hawking met a young languages undergraduate named Jane Wilde. They were married in 1965.While physical control over his body diminished, the effects of his disease started to miraculously slow down. In 1968, a year after the birth of his son Robert, Hawking became a member of the Institute of Astronomy in Cambridge.
The next few years were a fruitful time for Hawking. A daughter, Lucy, was born to Stephen and Jane in 1969, while Hawking continued with his research. A third child, Timothy, arrived 10 years later.
“Stephen Hawking Family “
In 1974, Hawking’s research turned him into a celebrity within the scientific world when he showed that black holes aren’t the information vacuums that scientists had thought they wereThe announcement sent shock waves of excitement through the scientific world, and put Hawking on a path that’s been marked by awards, notoriety and distinguished titles. He was named a fellow of the Royal Society at the age of 32, and later earned the prestigious Albert Einstein Award, among other honors.
Hawking’s ever-expanding career was accompanied, however, by his ever-worsening physical state. He could still feed himself and get out of bed, but virtually everything else required assistance. In addition, his speech had become increasingly slurred, so that only those who knew him well could understand him. In 1985 he lost his voice for good following a tracheotomy. The resulting situation required 24-hour nursing care for the acclaimed physicist.
It also put in peril Hawking’s ability to do his work. The predicament caught the attention of a California computer programmer, who had developed a speaking program that could be directed by head or eye movement. The invention allowed Hawking to select words on a computer screen that were then passed through a speech synthesizer. At the time of its introduction, Hawking, who still had use of his fingers, selected his words with a handheld clicker. Today, with virtually all control of his body gone, Hawking directs the program through a cheek muscle attached to a sensor.
In 1988 Hawking, a recipient of the Commander of the Order of the British Empire, catapulted to international prominence with the publication of A Brief History of Time. The short, informative book became an account of cosmology for the masses. The work was an instant success, spending more than four years atop the London Sunday Times‘ best-seller list. Since its publication, it has sold millions of copies worldwide and been translated into more than 40 languages.